A Brief About Infertility And Its Treatments

A Brief About Infertility And Its Treatments


Infertility is a common condition that causes an inability to get pregnant even after having frequent and unprotected intercourse for at least a year. This condition affects about 17-18% of the adult population with about every 13 out of 100 couples experiencing infertility issues. Infertility can have many causes and affect anyone including both men and women and the risk of this condition can increase with age.

Infertility is essentially a condition that causes a problem in the process of conception causing an inability to get pregnant. Conception is a complicated process that happens when a healthy sperm reaches through the vagina and enters an egg in a woman’s fallopian tube causing fertilization. Pregnancy only occurs after the embryo or the fertilized egg implants into the uterus and any small problems in any of these processes can cause infertility.

Symptoms Of Infertility 

The main sign of infertility is the inability to get pregnant even after trying for a long time and commonly infertility might not show any other obvious symptoms. In some cases, women with infertility can have abnormal or irregular periods and men can experience some hormonal problems.

Common signs, symptoms, or factors that can put men at risk of infertility include:

  • Changes in hair growth
  • Pain lump or swelling in the testicles
  • Changes in sexual desire
  • Low sperm count or other sperm-related problems
  • A history of testicular prostate or sexual problems
  • Problems with erections and ejaculations
  • Members of the family with infertility problems

Common signs, symptoms, or factors that can put women at risk of infertility include:

  • Painful periods, back pain, and pelvic pain
  • Have had multiple miscarriages
  • Have undergone cancer treatment
  • Advanced age of 40 years or older
  • Abnormal periods with heavy or lighter bleeding than usual
  • Skin changes
  • Weight gain

Treatments Of Infertility

Treatments of infertility can vary depending on lots of factors including the person, cause, diagnosis, medical conditions, and more. Although infertility is a serious condition people and couples suffering from this problem can get pregnant using medications, surgery, or assisted reproductive technology (ART).

Some of the common treatments that can help an infertile couple conceive include:

  • In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) – This process involves fertilizing a woman’s egg with a man’s sperm outside of the body in a laboratory.
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) – This process involves extracting the sperm and injecting a single healthy sperm directly into a woman’s egg to cause fertilization.
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) – This process involves placing washed and highly concentrated sperm directly in the uterus around the time the ovary releases an egg.

For more queries you can always consult with the best infertility specialist in Siliguri.

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